Man is a unique animal of the universe. In spite of his physical weakness, he has overpowered all other animals of the earth. He has built roads on mountains, sailed through the mighty seas and oceans and conquered the sky. Today man-made airplanes fly through the sky faster than any bird, man-made automobiles travel faster than any living animal, and the man-made machines have more power than hundreds of elephants. Man has developed atomic bombs, which can flatten the mountains and shake the earth like powerful earthquakes.
How could man achieve all these miracles, which were not even imaginable, just a couple of centuries back? As a matter of fact, all these achievements of the mankind can be attributed to the growth of knowledge in the last five centuries with the emergence of the scientific method of investigations. Science, which was initially known as the Philosophy of Nature, principally deals with discovering the laws of nature and exploiting these laws for the benefit (or destruction) of mankind. Thus knowledge is power by which man has conquered the earth and is now moving towards conquering the universe. However, before we think of conquering the universe, it becomes necessary to know how the universe itself and life on it were created.
The most acceptable scientific theory of creation of the universe is the Big Bang theory. The Big Bang theory suggests that the universe was created around 13.8 billions of years ago from an enormous energy that was concentrated in an infinitely small space. The most acceptable scientific theory of creation of life is the Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. Darwin’s theory suggests that the life on earth has evolved over billions of years where all the species have to fight for their survival. In the battle of survival, the fittest species and traits survive.
Considering the longevity of human life which is barely a hundred years at the most, it is virtually impossible to notice any change in the universe or life. The human civilization as we know today is hardly ten thousands years old. There is no reminiscent today of any civilization before ten thousands of years. Even the oldest religion of the world viz. Hinduism is hardly five thousand years old while the most popular religions like the Buddhism, Christianity and Islam evolved less than three thousands years ago. Thus how do we know what happened billions of years ago?
Man with his capacity of argumentation and logic has developed the capacity to ascertain truths or facts which he had never seen. For example, in the case of a murder, theft or other crime, most often there is no witness to the act of crime. Yet on the basis of arguments, reasoning and available material evidences, an intelligent investigating officer can nab the criminals. Further by help of logic and corroborative evidences, he can convince the courts and the common man that the accused person has committed the crime. The accused are often convicted by the courts on the basis of such arguments.
However, the method of determination of truth by the help of logic and corroborative evidence does not always discover the truth. For example, even if sufficient motive is proven by the prosecution against the accused, it is not necessary that the accused person would commit the crime. It is very much possible that another person might have killed only to trap the accused person. Similarly, even if thumb impressions are found from the spot of crime, it does not prove conclusively that the accused person had committed the crime. It is possible that he might have gone to the place of crime for some other work and left his thumb expression there unknowingly. Even in the cases of rape, in spite of the forensic report, one can never be sure whether the act was due to consent or coercion. All people who have ever been assigned the job of determining the truth know how difficult it is to establish the truth. Even if you have seen the act of murder by your own eyes you cannot convince the world that you are speaking the truth.
Here arises the dilemma of the quest of the truth. Only the person who has been murdered could perhaps tell the name of the person who murdered him. Alas! he is no longer available for giving evidence before the court. Only if you had fitted the video camera in the house when the theft took place, then only perhaps you could be sure about the person who committed the theft. Obviously no such video filming exists in most of the crime. Yet the inquisitive instinct of man did not give up the attempt to know the truth by help of logic and material evidences. Discovery of truth and facts has always been the perennial quest of man. Gandhi had once rightly stated, “I believe that there is no God except Truth". Thus he felt that God and Truth are synonymous. A common man also believes that only God knows the truth.
Our journey to discover the truth of creation of the universe and life also begins with these constraints. There have already been many explanations of the creation of life and the universe. These explanations have also been able to satisfy the quest of knowledge of some individuals. Yet these theories have failed to answer many questions which even a man of average knowledge may ask. In other words, these theories fail to answer many questions which we have discussed in the previous articles (Big Bang Theory: Reality or Figment of Imagination? and The Truth of Darwinism). The present article is yet another attempt to discover the truth. You, as a reader, are the best judge of the theories. You must use your common sense, reasoning and logic to judge if the Aatmic Science explanation satisfies you more than other arguments. If the answer is yes, then trust your instinct and follow your reasoning without being overawed by the personality of the person who might have promulgated the theory.
The Gita Philosophy of Creation of Life and the Universe
The Concept of Micro-Universe
Scientists estimate that the size of the universe is many billions of light-years. A light year is the distance which light travels in a year. The vastness of the size of universe can be estimated from the simple fact that the light can take a round of the earth in less than a tenth of a second yet it would take many billion years to travel the universe from one end to another. Similarly the universe was created many billion years ago while we human beings have the life-span of less than a century.
The Upanishads, which were written even before the Gita i.e. around two thousand years before the birth of Christ, state:
As is the human body, so is the cosmic body
As is the human mind, so as the cosmic mind
As is the microcosm, so is the macrocosm
Thus to understand the creation of the universe, we have to understand the creation of human life. In order to understand the mind of the universe (laws of nature) we have to understand the human mind. Thus human being can be said to be a reflection or a model of the universe by which we shall attempt to understand the universe. We, therefore, call human being a micro-universe. One Indian philosopher has rightly said “Aham Brahmasmi” (I am the universe).
Creation of Human Life
Human reproduction takes place by the sexual union of males and females. The male sperm contains half the information in the 23 chromosomes contained in the nucleus of the (male) sperm cell (which is the male Gametes) and ova (which is the female Gametes) which contains the remaining half information in the 23 chromosomes. Both these gametes are fused together to produce the fertilized egg cell.
Cloning: Reproduction of life can also take place by cloning process in plants and in animals. Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through non-sexual means. It has been used for many years to produce plants, as even growing a plant from a cutting is a type of cloning. Animal cloning has been the subject of scientific experiments for years, but attracted little attention until the birth of the first cloned mammal in 1997, a sheep named Dolly. Since Dolly, several scientists have cloned other animals including cows and mice.
Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another. It means that every single bit of DNA is the same between the two . In a modern context, this can involve somatic cell (a cell other than a sperm or egg cell) nuclear transfer in which the nucleus is removed from an egg cell and replaced with a nucleus extracted from a cell of the organism to be cloned. As the nucleus contains (almost) all the genetic information of a life form, the "host" egg cell will develop into an organism genetically identical to the nucleus "donor". The cloning process is shown in the Figure below.
The Cloning Process
In the cloning process of reproduction, the clone is identical to the donor parent. The somatic body cell can be from different parts of the body like skin, liver and it contains all the genetic information of the body. In human beings the somatic cells have all the 46 chromosomes including the chromosome determining the sex. Thus the cloned animal would have exact genes as the parent (donor) including the sex genes.
The growth of the foetus and embryo leading to the development and birth of a child is identical in both natural reproduction and the cloning process. Within hours of conception the fused gametes, a zygote, undergoes cell division. The presence of a hormone called progesterone prevents further female eggs being produced. Within the first week after conception the fertilized egg travels towards the uterus, where the continued growth of the zygote would occur in the form of an embryo.
Upon arrival in the uterus, the zygote fuses itself to the uterine wall. At this point, cells of the zygote differentiate into two distinct types viz. Embryoblast Cells (These cells continually divide into what will become the embryo, the baby itself) and the Trophoblast Cells (These cells form the placenta, that form against the uterine wall). The placenta is the life support machine of the developing embryo, providing oxygen and food for it and removing toxic material and carbon dioxide (CO2 ) from the developing embryo. The umbilical cord, a connection to the mothers` blood stream is responsible for this.
- Towards the end of the first month, the heart starts to form while designated cells begin to form the basic structure of the limbs, spine, nervous and circulatory systems.
- After the initial formation of these major bodily areas, less essential characteristics begin to develop, such as the eyes, ears and nose.
- By the tenth week of pregnancy these facial characteristics become recognizable, and the overall shape of the embryo now resembles that of a human.
- By the fourteenth week, all the major characteristics of the embryo have more or less developed, and possess all the requirements of a fully functional being. From this time onwards, the embryo would continue to grow in size rather in complexity via cell division.
- Forty weeks later, nine months since fertilization, the embryo, now in the foetal stage is ready to enter the world.
One important implication of the success of the cloning techniques for the reproduction of mammals is the evidence that each (somatic) cell has the same intelligence as of the parent body and is capable of producing a life. It is the nucleus of the cell, which has the intelligence of the soul, which determines the multiplication and growth of the cell and creation of life. Cloning establishes that many types of cell from the body can be used to develop the specie. Thus billions of identical species can be created from billions of different cells of the human body. It establishes, therefore, that each cell should have intelligence which is similar to the intelligence of the body.
Why Cloning Baffles Scientists?
Even though the biologists explain that the human life is created by multiplication of the fertilized cell or zygote, yet it does not really explain the formation of the complete life from a single cell. For example if the skin cell is divided repeatedly we should get a lump of skin rather than the complete mammal. Even in the normal reproduction process, any cell, if divided millions of time, must be a lump of only identical cells. How does the skin cell become a bone cell, a muscle cell, a heart cell or a hair cell? The development of one type of cell into another type of cell is still a mystery unsolved by science. It is therefore, apparent that any automatic division of a cell cannot create the whole living being.
Creation of Matter and Life
Broadly we see two types of entities around us. The first is the living entity like animals or plants which, we know, are born of their parents. Each living entity dies after a certain period. However, before the living creature dies, it does give birth to new life. Hence, the cycle of life continues.
Creation of the Universe is the Biggest Mystery for the Scientists
In addition to living beings, we also find many dead or non-living beings whom the physicist calls matter. Matter includes the solid like earth, gold, iron and the liquid like water, alcohol, milk and gases like air, oxygen and carbon etc. These material objects are believed to be dead or devoid of any life. Scientists believe that these forms of matter are produced in the process of cooling of the universe. The Big Bang theory suggests that when the universe was created, it was extremely hot. As it expanded, it cooled down. Initially, the simple basic particles like proton, neutrons and electron were formed. From these basic particles, first the simple atoms like hydrogen were created. As the temperature further reduced, the lighter atoms combined and heavier elements like carbon, oxygen, iron, gold, uranium were created.
However, the theory has its own contradictions. The first question is: if the lighter atoms are automatically combined on cooling, then why even the lightest atoms like hydrogen, oxygen and carbon continue to exist in the universe rather than getting combined to form bigger atoms. After all, if the law of combination of lighter atoms to form heavier atoms exits, it cannot apply differently to same types of atoms and molecules. Thus logically all the lighter atoms must perish when the temperature reduces just like all liquid water is transformed to solids below the freezing point. We can still see virtually all types of particles present in the earth. Thus this theory fails to explain the creation of the diversity of matter around us.
The same contradiction is noticeable in the Darwin’s theory of “the Survival of the Fittest”. If Darwin’s theory is correct, then all living species must be identical, as only the fittest must survive. Yet we see even the weakest specie still surviving on the earth while some of the strongest species like dinosaur disappeared from the planet earth thousands of years ago.
The true process of creation of life is discussed in the Gita. In the Gita, Lord Krishna states while explaining the creation of (material) universe:
“Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Ether, Mind, Reason and Ego- thus eightfold are my Nature. This is my lower aspect; but know thou My other aspect, the higher – which is jiva (Atman) by which this world is sustained. Know that these two compose the source from which all beings spring; I am the origin and the end of the entire Universe. (Gita VII 4, 5)”
Thus according to the Gita, all entities of (physical) Nature are made of five perceptible realties i.e. Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Ether and three imperceptible realities i.e. Mind, Reason and Ego. These eight realities are defined by Lord Krishna as lower realities since we can experience them.
The five material realities are measurable entities which can be seen, felt and measured. The three imperceptible realities are not measurable by any physical instrument, yet all of us are sure about the existence of mind, reason and ego in ourselves (hence, in all living beings). We all have mind which stores all information. We all also have reasoning capabilities. Our mind is never at rest, as it is continuously pondering and reasoning. Then we all have ego i.e. the feeling of independent existence. It is due to the “ego” that we cannot perceive the thoughts and feeling of other persons. Even the biologically related persons can’t have any connection (perceptible or imperceptible) with the other people who, at one point of time, were connected to each other physically. The mother, who keeps the child in her womb for nine months, cannot know the mind of the child who was once part of her body and who has been made out of the flesh and blood of the mother. Thus it is the ego which separates all living beings from one another, makes us all distinct and provide us with independent identity. However, the Gita calls all these eight aspects of nature as the lower self and the soul (jiva or atman) as the higher self which is the source of manifestation of the lower self.
The Concept of Soul
Let us reiterate the concept of soul (atman or jiva) as expounded in the Gita. In the Gita Lord Krishna states:
I am the Atman seated in the heart of every being; I am the beginning, the middle and the end of all beings. (Gita X, 20).
Thus according to the Gita, life is created only if the jiva or atman is synthesized with matter. Soul can be defined as the intelligence of the (material) body. The soul has the “know how” of creating life from the other forms of matter of the universe, just like a mechanic knows how to assemble the parts to make a machine. Thus when a cell is fertilized, it means it has now been inhabited by an independent soul. Once soul is present in the cell, it knows how to create life. Thus it interacts with the souls of other matter and starts assimilating other forms of matter to create new life just like a good leader attracts millions of people to build an organization. The intelligence of the fertilized cell thus starts the union of smaller forms of matter like atoms or molecules into a bigger entity. It interacts with various atoms and molecules of the surroundings and the process of union starts till the whole child has been formed. Even after the child is born, the intelligence in the body (soul) causes the physical and mental growth of the body in a predefined manner so that the child starts crawling, walking, talking, becomes adult, produces offspring and becomes old like a preprogrammed device.
All the matter which is created by the soul does not perish after the death of a person. However, after the death, all the constituent cells of the body become independent like the followers get independent after the death of the leader. Hence each cell starts following its own natural path likes the individual atom, molecule, compound or cell.
The Five States of Material Reality
The Gita suggests that all material beings are originated due to soul which itself is a part of the universal soul or God. Lord Krishna states:
The great Nature is for me the womb in which I deposit the germ; from which all beings come to birth. Whatever forms take birth in the various species, the great Nature is their Mother and I am the seed-giving Father. (Gita IX 3, 4)
Hence, we find that all realities are like us, even if they apparently look different. All living beings have different lives. Man has the life-span of a hundred years; some mosquitoes have the life-span of few days only while a pine tree lives for thousands of years. The physical sizes of the living beings are also different. For example, a microscopic bacteria has the size of a few micrometers (one thousandth of a millimeter), while the blue whale can be as big as 30 meters and red wood tree could be as big as 100 meters.
Let us therefore assume that all matter, even atoms like hydrogen, also have life which may range to perhaps millions or billions of years. Once presuming that all living beings have life, let us now treat all beings (living or dead) as similar to us. Therefore, their thoughts and behaviour must also be similar to those of ours.
Understanding the Mind of Matter
We don’t really know as to how and why the matter of the universe got created. What is in the nature of the matter? Yet we know what we (as human beings) think and why? We, as human beings, are always oscillating between our desires of being independent and also to be united with others. When we are together with a group of people for long, we want isolation or freedom for some time. However, when we are isolated from others for long, we crave for union with other people. All of us want freedom as well as union alternatively.
Let us now describe the five (material) elements of life i.e. earth, water, air, fire and space (ether) which, according to the Gita, constitute all lives.
(a) Earth: Earth represents the solid state of matter. In its solid state, the atoms are fixed at a given position. They can’t move. They have no freedom of movement. They are forced to live in the company of the same atoms. Matter is strongest in the solid state and the intermolecular forces are highest in this state.
(b) Water: Water represents the liquid state of matter. In a liquid state, the intermolecular forces weaken though all the particles still attract each other, which binds the particles together and keeps the volume of the liquid constant. In the liquid state, the atoms have the freedom of movement within the volume of the liquid. They can freely move within the liquid but can’t move beyond it.
(c) Air: Air represents the gaseous state of matter. In this state, the atoms and molecules can move without any restraint to the full atmosphere of the earth. They have no constraint of volume. An atom found today in India might reach the USA i.e. the other side of the globe. The gaseous atoms do not feel any force of attraction from the other atoms. In fact, they experience force of repulsion from other atoms. These atoms are continuously on the move.
(d) Fire: Fire represents even higher state of freedom of matter i.e. plasma state. It is a well-known scientific fact that fire is the plasmatic state of matter. Up to the gaseous state the atoms and molecules are intact. Fire is thus the state of matter where the atom gets decomposed into its basic particles. In this state, even the basic particles start separating from atom and start moving independently at extremely high speed. The top most layer of the earth is filled with ions or the plasmatic state of matter and hence, called ionosphere.
(e) Space or Energy: The matter moves at a high speed and far more independently in the plasma state, yet the freedom of the particles are nowhere comparable to the speed of light. In the final state of matter, the basic particles get converted into pure energy. The energy provides the highest level of freedom to any material being. Here, the matter can travel at the speed of light for infinite distance in the space or universe.
Creation and Destruction: The Rhythm of Life
We can see similar desire of union and freedom in all the different entities of nature. When a life is created, the single fertilized cell of the embryo starts growing by attracting and uniting with other material entities and within nine months, billions of cells and zillions of atoms and molecules are combined to make one living specie like man.
In the life of man, there are always forces of disintegration or entropy (or freedom), which are constantly working on him to make him ill. As per one study carried out by the pharmaceutical firm, ‘Boots’, an average human being suffers from 17, 277 common ailments during his or her lifetime. Thus an average person endures at least 221 illnesses every year, including headaches, stomach upsets, colds, plasters and cramps. Yet a living being overcomes such illnesses almost effortlessly due to the intelligence of the soul which harmonizes all the living cells of the body. Billions of cells die every day fighting these forces of entropy, which causes illness due to bacterial infections and various attacks on the body. These cells are constantly removed from the body through its exit organs. The forces of creation i.e. the soul causes billions of new cells to be created in the body so smoothly that we don’t even notice any change.
However, as soon as the soul is disengaged from the body, a person is dead, as the process of assimilation or union stops. The dead cells are not replaced. Also the production of new cells stops. The body starts decomposing. The zillions of atoms and molecules which made billions of cells of the body become free to go back to their original state due to their nature of freedom or entropy. The oxygen gets dissolved into air. The water gets evaporated to air. Many other solid elements get absorbed into the earth.
However, all the body parts do not decay with similar speed. While some cells like skin decays within days, others like bones, nails, and hair may last for millions of years. Thus a man whose life has been merely a hundred years or less, creates such matter that lasts for millions of years.
Even when man is alive, he produces many live entities which last for different time spans. For example, the cells of skin may last for a few years but those of bones may last for millions of years. There are also millions of bacteria inside the human body which help man in digestion of food, fighting the harmful bacteria and viruses etc. Thus there are millions of lives within a single human life, but are of different types and have different time spans. Thus in many ways the growth of organic matter due to human life is quite similar to the creation of matter in the universe.
Creation of the Universe
Initially, the scientists broadly divided all chemical elements into two categories, organic and inorganic. Organic materials are those which are produced by the live animals or plants. The examples of organic materials are blood, urea (present in urine), wood, alcohol etc. All other materials are called inorganic since they cannot be produced by biochemical reactions. Such examples are gold, silver, iron, hydrogen, carbon etc.
Initially it was believed that all organic materials are produced by some supernatural powers and cannot be produced in labs. However, the production of urea in lab (which is produced biologically in urine) proved that even organic material can be produced in a lab. Still most of the organic materials like blood, bones etc cannot be produced in labs. However, one important feature that was found in all organic chemicals and compounds was that all organic compounds have the presence of carbon. Hence, all organic material produced in the earth’s biosphere must be an organic compound of carbon.
Therefore, it appears that other elements like hydrogen, nitrogen, iron, uranium are produced not by the forces of life on the earth but by the forces of another and larger life i.e. the life of universe of which the earth is but one cell or organism.
In the Gita the life of the Universe is estimated to be around 4.32 billion years which was calculated on the basis of the following couplets:
Brahma’s day lasts for a thousands yugas and that his night also lasts for a thousands yugas. At the coming of the Day (Divine day), all that is manifest springs forth from the Unmanifest, and at the coming of Night (Divine Night), they are dissolved into the same Unmanifest. The same multitudes of creatures come to birth again and again; they are dissolved at the coming of the Night and they are reborn at the break of the day (Gita VIII 16, 17, 18, 19).
All entities are merged into the nature at the end of the kalpa ( a day of Brahma) and born again at the beginning of the kalpa. I (God) due to my nature give birth to all the multitude of entities. However, all these activities do not bind me since they are done naturally be Me. I only witness these activities indifferently, unattached. All the movable and immovable entities are created by the nature as per its own laws and the wheel of the world keeps moving (Gita IX 7-10)
According to this calculation, the duration of the creation is 4.32 billion years (Desai, 1946) which is quite close to the life of the universe predicted by the Big Bang theory. The prediction about the life of the universe is remarkable because this prediction was made thousands of years before the birth of Christ.
Lord Krishna Explaining the Origin of Universe to Arjuna
In the Gita, Lord Krishna (God or Universal Soul) explains the creation of the universe in the following words:
By Me, unmanifest in form, the whole world is pervaded; all beings are in Me, I am not in them. And yet those beings are not in Me. That indeed is My power as Lord! Sustainer of all beings, I am not in them; Myself brings them into existence. (Gita, IX 4, 5).
Just like millions of lives reside in the body of a human being similarly, millions of lives (like human life) reside in the body of the universe and the earth can be compared to a live organ of a living Body (the Universe). Here all the different species can be compared to the different cells of the human organ. In the universe also two processes are simultaneously carried on. The first is the process of creation. It is due to this process that new lives are created by the forces of the soul (which is a spark of the universal soul or God). For example, the seed of the plant has the intelligence of the creation of the plant. Therefore, if it is sown in the soil, it starts the union of various simpler atoms and molecules of carbon, nitrogen and oxygen and thus makes a tree. It needs not only earth, water and air for making a plant but also needs light (energy) for the making of leaves, and other parts of the plant. If any of these elements are removed, the plant cannot survive. The fifth element viz.fire is present in the plant (produced by the plant itself) from the other elements.
Thus in the process of assimilation or union, the light (ether or energy) is accumulated to form the basic particles or plasmatic state of the matter which is found in the top most layer of the earth. This plasmatic state (ionosphere) which constitutes the top layer of the earth’s atmosphere, then assimilates to make the gaseous state of matter. This gaseous state further combines to make the liquid state. For example, hydrogen (single electron and single proton) combines with oxygen to form water. Water then combines with other liquids or solid matter to form the solid life like mammals and plants. Even a solid looking man has more than 70% constituent as water. Thus all the different states of matter unite to make an animal or plant.
This process of union is also accompanied by the similar process of entropy, dissemination or freedom. The solid cells, molecules and atoms of the living body, after its death, become free and go to their natural abode. The animal or plant, soon after its death, loses all the water which gets evaporated and absorbed into the atmosphere. The different gases also get absorbed in the atmosphere. These gases on their journey reach the top layer of atmosphere and the plasmatic state of matter. From the plasmatic state, they soon get converted into energy which is released to space. Thus the process of assimilation and decomposition has been taking place simultaneously all the time. Hence, we do not notice any perceptible difference in the constitution of the atmosphere or the light.
The Scientific Collaborations of the Aatmic Science Theories
One of the stringent requirements of all scientific theories is that it should be able to explain the material phenomenon or events. William Whewell, the English mathematician and philosopher, has rightly said:
The hypotheses we accept ought to explain phenomena which we have observed. But they ought to do more than this: our hypotheses ought to foretell phenomena which have not yet been observed.
A theory without collaboration and without material evidences is just a dogma which can be believed by the faithful but rejected as unacceptable by the scientists. Hence, we shall demonstrate how the Aatmic Science theories provide explanation of many scientific mysteries which even the greatest scientists of our times fail to explain. The Science magazine in its 125th issue has enumerated 125 most important questions whose answers are a challenge to the scientists. The Voice of America in its report dated 11 July 2005 described the following as one of the top provoking question of science .
One of the most provoking question is `How can a skin cell become a nerve cell?` "Scientists have always wondered how it is that an embryonic (stem) cell can become any kind of cell in the body and the signals that steer that development into particular kinds of tissues," Mr. Norman says, "That has always been a huge question in biology.."
However, this mystery stands explained in this article. It is demonstrated that the fertilized cells do not divide into identical cells to form the living being. It grows by the assimilation of various compounds due to the presence of intelligence viz. soul.
New Scientist Magazine in its article “13 things that do not make sense” published on 19 March 2005 discussed 13 facts which do not make sense to the scientists . One important puzzle was described by them as “Belfast homeopathy results” (Inflammation Research, vol 53, p 181). Homeopaths prepare their remedies by dissolving things like charcoal, deadly nightshade or spider venom in ethanol, and then by diluting this "mother tincture" in water again and again. No matter what the level of dilution is, homeopaths claim, the original remedy leaves some kind of imprint on the water molecules. However diluted the solution becomes, it is still imbued with the properties of the remedy. Yet in the experiment conducted by Madeleine Ennis, a pharmacologist at Queen`s University, Belfast, demonstrated that a chemical remedy could be diluted to the point where a sample was unlikely to contain a single molecule of anything but water, and yet still have a healing effect.
The scientists were so much provoked by this unbelievable finding that the author wrote:
“One possibility is that there is something wrong with the Akeno results. Another is that Einstein was wrong”.
However, the results of this Belfest study clearly prove that all the particles including the particles of water have intelligence by which they learn the healing capability of the “mother tincture”. It is quite similar to the behaviour of the normal human being. One Hitler can plant his idea in millions of Germans. One Buddha, Christ or Gandhi can galvanize the whole world with the idea of love and non-violence which continue to be propagated many centuries after their physical departure from this world. One Marx can create revolution in half of the world. Therefore, the findings would look perfectly explainable if we use the concept of the Gita that the soul is present in every material being.
The Aatmic Science theory of creation of the universe and life discussed in this article clearly explains the origin of all matter and life by a single theory. It also explains many events and scientific mysteries which are unexplainable by the scientists. This theory can be used to explain many other mysteries of science. This theory is not built on any hypothetical assumptions which were made in the Big Bang theory or Darwin’s theory of evolution, defying our commonsense and devoid of any analogy or evidence. All the principles of this theory are based on analogy, logic and evidence which are acceptable to scientists, our common sense and observations. Further these theories synthesize the knowledge of the Gita and the modern science. It is no wonder that Einstein, the greatest scientist on the earth, after reading the Gita, commented:
“When I read the Bhagvat Gita and reflect about how God created this universe, everything else seems so superfluous.”
(1) Genetic Science Learning Center. “What is Cloning” URL: http://gslc.genetics.utah.edu/units/cloning/whatiscloning
(2) Cloning: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloning
(3) Times of India, New Delhi August 8, 2006
(4) New Science Magazine: URL: http://www.sciencemag.org/sciext/125th/
(5) Skirble R (2005), , “Science Editors Take a Closer Look at 125 Great Unsolved Mysteries of Our Time”, Voice of America URL: http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2005-07/2005-07-11-voa10.cfm?CFID=4098588&CFTOKEN=66974310
(6) Brooks Michael, (2005) “13 things that do not make sense”, NewScientist.com news service URL: http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=mg18524911.600